Thomas Ramopoulos, Jan Wouters, Charting the Legal Landscape of EU External Relations Post-Lisbon (March 1, 2015). Available at SSRN
This paper examines the legal and institutional architecture of EU external relations in operation since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. The discussion is structured around the different actors in EU external relations, with most prominently the position of the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, who is also a Vice President of the Commission. The analysis underlines the persistent duality between the CFSP and non-CFSP external policies and internal policies with an external dimension. The novel Treaty provisions have given rise to multiple questions regarding, among others, the compatibility and scope of application of the different legal bases in EU external action, the interpretation of the EU’s treaty-making procedure of Article 218 TFEU, and the external representation of the Union.